Pashupatinath - Kathmandu is a small city founded around AD 723 as Manju Patan. Earlier it was known as Kantipur and was similar to Patan and Bhaktapur. King Prithvi Narayan Shah was the man who made Kathmandu his capital in the 18th century. This city became the head quarter for Nepal tourism and the capital for trekkers and a thriving cosmopolitan city. Pashupatinath is an incarnation of the Hindu Lord Shiva. It is regarded as the most revered deity of Nepal. Shree Pashupatinath Temple is located at the bank of the river Bagmati, is considered the most sacred place. Revered throughout the world, but especially in Nepal where it is regarded as the national deity. Pashupatinath is derived from three Sanskrit words pashu means organism, pati means protector and nath means Lord. The word Shree is an honorary title used in Indian languages as a display of respect or devotion. Shree Pashupatinath therefore means the respected protector and lord of all living things. The temple of Lord Pashupatinath is situated about 5 kilometers north - east of Kathmandu. It is situated amidst many other temples and is regarded as the guardian spirit and the holiest of all Shiva shrines in Nepal. Lord Shiva is known by many different names and Pashupatinath is one such name. In brief the history and some of the finer details of the temple is given below. Over the years Lord Pashupatinath became a great place of pilgrimage. Rulers of Nepal over centuries made contributions in enriching and beautifying this temple. The temple was built by Supus Padeva, a Linchchhavi King who according to the stone inscription erected by Jayadeva in the courtyard of Pashupatinath in 753 AD happened to be the ruler 39 generation before Manadeva (464 - 505 AD). It is also said that the temple was reconstructed by a mediaeval King named Shivadeva (1099-1126 AD). It was renovated by Ananta Malla who built the roof to it. This temple was attacked and badly destroyed by Sultan Samsuddin of Bengal in the mid 14th Century. It was only after ten years, in 1360 AD, that it could be reconstructed and renovated by Javasimha Ramvardhana. Next renovation was taken up by Jyoti Malla in 1416 AD. The present architectural nature of Pashupatinath temple came into existence as a result of renovation by queen Gangadevi during the reign of Shivasimha Malla (1578-1620 AD). Temple of Lord Pashupatinath stands in the middle of a courtyard. Square shaped pagoda temple built on single platform measuring 23.6 meters from the ground. The temple is open from 4 AM to 12 Noon and it closes from 12:00 noon to 5:00 PM and again at 6 PM Rudravishekam is performed. From 6:30 to 7:00 PM client special puja is performed. Nepal is beautiful beside its tourism destination; it is also home to some of the exotic wildlife parks and sanctuaries that include Chitwan National Park, Rara National, Sagarmatha National Park, Makalu National Park, etc. This beautiful country is must visit once in a lifetime as the country is globally acclaimed for its not only scenic beauty, heritage attractions, adventure tourism, Leisure holiday, temple tour, but also for its friendly environment, world class accommodation facilities and warm hospitality of the people.
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Places of Interest
- Images of Apsara
- Ashtha Bhairava and other gods and goddesses
- Latticed windows
- Purna - Kalasha
Millions of devotees along with thousands of tourists from all over the world come to pay homage to Pashupatinath every day. Special occasions as per the Hindu calender like Ekadasi, Sankranti, Mahashivratri, Teej Akshaya, Rakshabandhan, Grahana / eclipse, Poornima / Full moon day has quite a crowd due to celebration / puja
Communication / Connectivity
Airways – Nearest Airport is Tribhuwan International Airport at Kathmandu. It has flights from Delhi, Kolkata, Mumbai, Kochi, Goa, Hyderabad and many more places. There are international flights also. Visit to Nepal from Siliguri is simple, cheap and fastest. One can drive to Bhadrapur nearly 60 kilometers from Siliguri and take a flight to Kathmandu. If you plan in advance say 30-45 days in advance you may end up getting Kathmandu air tickets at low cost.
Railways – There is no railway system in Nepal but one can reach any of the bordering town of Nepal by availing Indian Railways. Travelling in Nepal is solely dependent on either road or by air.
Roadways – Pashupatinath is nearly 10 kilometers from the city of Kathmandu. Pashupatinath is a neighbouring spot of the capital city of Kathmandu. One can reach by public transport like taxis and buses. One can drive to Pashupatinath from Kathmandu within 30 minutes by Car.